What is Modernist Garden Design Style?

Asymmetry is the key to modern garden design, free undulating space and the use of light to make shadows are also its characteristics. The landscape in this type of garden is quite complex and very different from the more regulated landscape of the classic, regular garden. Many modernist gardens tend to emphasize one or two points of interest, but the partial space separated by walls or hedges suggests that they are open to personal interpretation and are not designed to force visitors to travel through only one way to experience. Clear lines reinforce the horizontal and vertical contrasts, and the water body is designed and used according to architectural principles, often as a reflective surface.

Paints of all kinds are used sparingly - pavement and walls are often smoothed down with cement, and uncarved or slightly carved limestone blocks or slabs are ideal paving materials. Designers like to use large panels to reduce seams, creating a crisp, uninterrupted plane.

Plants are also limited, and many gardens have only trees, hedges and lawns, accented with architectural plants that punctuate. Although the modernists also had designs based on circles and ellipses, the geometry used was almost always linear and emphasized horizontal lines. A grid of common rules connects the home and garden to blur the distinction between inner and outer space.

The modern movement has its origins in the Bauhaus school of the 1920s and 1930s, which believed in new technologies and claimed that form should be subordinated to function. However, it wasn't until after World War II that the idea was favored by a handful of landscape designers who opposed the old dogma of garden design and created outdoor spaces that were functional and adapted to human needs rather than plant needs. In recent times, there has been a renaissance in modernist garden design, with particular emphasis on the selection of plants and high-quality surface materials.

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