Basic feng shui common sense in residential landscape planning design

Feng Shui is not a superstition, the purpose of feng shui is to create a livable living environment. Therefore, it is very necessary to understand and consider the basic feng shui layout in the landscape planning and design of our residential areas to circumvent some feng shui taboos.
Basic feng shui common sense in residential landscape planning design

Today, Cshebao will share with you and discuss the basic feng shui common sense and taboos in residential landscape planning and design. In particular, modern feng shui should take advantage of the wisdom of our Chinese ancestors over the centuries and combine the simple truths and reasonable scientific theoretical components of modern landscape design and traditional feng shui with interpretation, so as to create a better living environment.

Chinese-style garden
The purpose of feng shui is to find anger. Feng Shui theory advocates building town houses where there is anger, which is called multiplying anger. Only by being nourished by life will plants thrive and humans live long and healthy lives. In the Song Dynasty, Huang Miaoying wrote in Bo Shan: "When the gas is not harmonious, the mountain is not planted and cannot be grafted; when the gas is not on, the mountain moves and tends, the turbidity can be grafted; when the gas is not cool, the pulse is intermittent and cannot be grafted; when the gas is not good, the mountain is a rock, not grafted." The cuttings are the pointing and determining the location. And the place that is alive should be: a place that is sheltered from the wind and the sun, where there are mountains and water, where the water flows, where the grass is lush, where the warblers sing and dance, where the birds speak and the flowers smell. These theories actually coincide with the "ecology" and "sustainable development" advocated in modern landscape design and ecological architecture!

A good environmental landscape will have a positive effect on our physical and mental health. As a result, landscape feng shui is increasingly recognized and valued by many building developers, landscape design companies, and private garden design companies.

Through the use of landscaping, including the orientation, size and direction of water features, the direction of the flow, the cultivation of sand in mountain scenery, the cultivation of plants, the prosperity of trees, species of trees, plants, the five elements of prosperity, the distribution of roads in the park, etc., to achieve the feng shui in a proper position, the integration of mountain and water in order to comply with the laws of ecology and nature, and to play a harmonious and coordinated, human and natural coexistence.

I. Feng Shui planning for residential road systems

The positioning of roads around urban settlements is generally done during the urban master planning phase. That is, most settlement plans don't have much choice about the roads around the settlement. Settlement planning can only be done under limited conditions. However, the planning of the road system within the residential area has the full space and scope for feng shui planning considerations.

1、To be smooth, good not blocked. Smooth connectivity between road systems that separate each residential area or separate blocks within a residential area is required to avoid dislocations or "cut-offs" that result in intersections or dashes. Avoid "road rushes" as buildings face the road. This is the most basic feng shui taboo.

2. The road should be chosen preferentially, avoiding the "four positives". The direction of roads in residential areas is related to the road system and building layout of residential areas and neighborhoods, so priority should be given to their direction. Be sure to meet the light and ventilation requirements of the nearest book. The road system should strive to achieve a north-south and east-west direction, while avoiding the zodiac and dao-you direction.

3, the road strives to be straight, avoiding meaningless bends. Roads on flat lots shall be level except for mountainous areas, water networks and other special topographic and landform restrictions. In doing so, it not only facilitates the construction of plumbing facilities and saves on project costs, but also benefits the needs of the feng shui environment. Backbends and road rushes from road bends are the most basic feng shui taboos. There are four determinants of the size of the wave zone for road backbends and road washes.

① The degree of curvature of the inflection point.

(ii) The length of the road braking line.

(iii) The direction and gradient of the road.

④ The size of the road flow (traffic, people).

This information, combined with site surveys and planning data, is all predictable. When the current situation has already been created or has been constrained to the extent that it has caused such a situation, the necessary green belts should be placed in the area of the impeding wave and the area to defuse it. The dwelling should not be located directly within the District's lot with an impulse wave.
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4. Road intersections should be orthogonal. Residential subdivisions with intersecting roads should be orthogonal to prevent diagonal crossings. Diagonal crossings are not only detrimental to the installation of the project pipeline, obstructing the good passage of traffic (the transition radius of the sharp angle is reduced, the traffic sight distance is not enough), but also cause the feng shui scissor brakes on the lot. Therefore, buildings are generally not appropriate for such lots. There is a folk proverb called "road cuts the house, see the casualties", so in this kind of lot layout of buildings, will also be subject to noise, and air pollution. In feng shui, such areas are only suitable for non-residential facilities such as landscaping, arranging garden furniture, and setting up signage.

5. Protective triangle at road intersections. For roads in urban settlements, intersections are generally planned as traffic "sight triangles", which are reflected in the red lines and are restricted. But in fact, the "sight distance triangle" has lost its significance in protecting traffic lights in cities. In addition, many buildings have gates facing the intersection, and there are so many "sight distance" objects in front of the gate advertisements and vehicle barriers that the "sight distance triangle" has lost its original meaning. The "sight distance triangle" should be clearly defined as the "guard triangle".

There should be no buildings, parking lots or obstacles in the "protective triangle" guaranteed by the red line of the road. Green belt, protect the city's small green space, beautify the city's landscape, prevent sound and dust, improve the feng shui environment, face the "scissor cuts" to protect green space is necessary.

6. The red line of the road and the angle of the red face. Road red lines are the legal boundaries of a road and its facilities. No building can be surpassed. It has been implemented for many years in countries around the world. However, construction practice has proven to be flawed and the legal boundaries are not tight. The Red Line does not qualify the form of building as "sky-hogging".

Therefore, the fact that the foundation of a building does not cross the red line, but the upper part of it gradually overhanging towards the centre of the street and imposing shading on the road space, cannot be determined whether the red line was crossed. In an urban land crunch, building developers will compete for every inch of land in pursuit of housing yield and area efficiency. As the economy builds, the above is inevitable. Only random approvals or rejections can be made in construction management, without any clear basis in laws and regulations. Such problems have arisen in developed countries such as Japan.

In feng shui, the so-called "barrier of heaven" means that between two tall buildings, because the wind and gas do not gather and birds do not make nests, so people cannot live. If city streets are narrow and buildings are raised on both sides, it is natural that this will also create a barrier.

In modern architecture there have actually been such scientific measurements and arguments: a single-sided high-rise building receives wind blowing, its reflected counter-excitation wind will expand the wind speed five times, and the double high-rise building sandwiched between the street by the counter-excitation wind float up and fall injury, and the case of litigation architects also occurred, which is enough to illustrate the value of traditional Chinese feng shui theory. If buildings on either side of the street compete for height on the red line and squeeze space, it is undoubtedly harmful in feng shui terms.

Even, in terms of light alone, this practice is highly detrimental to feng shui. The feng shui consideration of anger, brake is not only a factor of light, it contains the sun, moon, stars, time, landforms and other spatio-temporal factors. The planning and design of street space, without good legal and regulatory constraints, is very detrimental to the construction of a good human environment.

II. Feng Shui planning of small parks in the landscape of residential areas

Small parks in residential areas include residential green spaces, youth activity sites, and recreational green spaces for the elderly and residents. Feng Shui planning should pay attention to the following principles:

1, site selection should be appropriate.

The mini-park should be appropriately located so that it is easily accessible to residents. If the mini park is located in the centre of the community, it is recommended that the service radius does not exceed 300 metres. If it is laid out along the street, it should make the best use of the street corners, street edges, especially the sides of the road bends or the outside of the reverse bow, so that the feng shui brakes brought about by the reverse bow can be removed and the unsuitable building lots can be fully utilized.
Make full use of existing green spaces, water surfaces, gullies, backfilled land, cemeteries, abandoned temple sites and other unfavourable areas for construction. At the same time, the greening system is formed taking into account its connection with the overall greening system of the city. If the small playground is on one side or one corner, it should be set up separately for the convenience of people.

2. The arrangement should be reasonable.

Small residential gardens should be arranged according to the main population served. Children's and adult activity areas should be separated to avoid disruption. The intervening plants can be separated. Dense forests or false hills should be planted in an unfavourable landscape direction (e.g. chimneys, distant visible gravestones, hospital mortuaries, opposite buildings, roof angles, etc.) to form a landscape barrier and block the dead air. In the direction of scenic beauty (distant mountains, water, pavilions and other places) should be appropriate to leave a view corridor or set up garden vignettes to frame the scene (both in the garden landscape design said: borrow the view). Greenery, water features, and lawns should be the main landscape elements in the park, and there should be plenty of activity areas for recreation and morning exercise. The paths in the park should be circular, free to go back and forth, avoiding the broken ends, to and from the road.

A small plaza should also be set up in the park to facilitate the residents' morning exercises and gatherings. Such squares should also be surrounded by trees, greenery, and not be fully open. This has the advantage of guaranteeing a certain amount of privacy in the garden, while not causing much disruption to the residents upstairs.

3, facilities should be beautiful.

Flower beds, pools and shapes in the garden should be varied, but avoid sharp corners so that not only do you avoid some unnecessary risks, but you are also not psychologically aggressive. This is also what Feng Shui refers to as the "sharp fury". Landscape features such as flower walls and planters can also be set up to beautify the environment, while also providing screening and spacing features. Modern materials, such as concrete, can also be made to look like wood or bamboo, which will be more natural and beautiful.

The four treasures of the garden, such as pavilions, galleries, bridges and pavilions, should not be mixed with the old and the new, resulting in the dissonance of each. The landscaping of residential areas must be natural and configured to be complete. The false mountain stone is to avoid evil; the curved paths and paths mean to be lucky. The mountains and rocks reveal that it is not like a tiger skeleton; the path is roundabout and must resemble the curve of Taiji. It is a place of relaxation, where stillness can lead to meditation, and movement can lead to practice. What a benefit!

4, planting should be appropriate. Plant configurations should be predominantly native and suitable to ensure viability, while later maintenance will be easier. Selection criteria, principles for plants.

① Lush native tree species, lawns and flowers. Plants that have few pests and do not require pesticides and fertilizers.

② trees with a large canopy. Such as acacia, elm, toon, and poplar in the north; catalpa, camphor, and hanging bellwood in the south.

③ Evergreen trees and flowering shrubs. Such as peach, plum, maple, ginkgo, lilac, etc.

④ Climbing plants. For example, the northern ground brocade and climbing tiger; the southern ten sisters, ivy, lingzhi, etc. Do not use plants that are flaky, have poisonous thorns, are irritating and have a bad aura. Such as persimmon tree, small-leafed poplar (female plant), lingxiao, bone berry tree, clematis, lacquer tree, banyan tree, etc. The banyan tree has a large canopy, which is good for shade, but it has many qi roots and a bad qi field. There is an old proverb that says, "A banyan tree is forbidden." In feng shui, it is generally not appropriate to use trees close to the house, if it is used as a walkway tree or away from the house is not a problem.

At the same time, in the residential garden landscape design, the configuration of plants should avoid monotony, should have the change of height, can reflect the change of seasons. If it is always the same style, it will inevitably cause aesthetic fatigue and go against the "way of nature". It is advisable to plant alone, pair planting, from planting, except for the roadway trees, hedges, generally avoid rows, equidistant regular planting.

For the floral arrangements, priority should be given to the "city flower" species, which are well known and suitable for local cultivation. All of the city's city flowers have been cultivated, observed, studied and selected over the years. It has a certain aesthetic and biological value, is representative and conducive to the formation of urban character.

The above is the residential landscape planning and design of the basic feng shui common sense and taboos of the whole content, I hope it will help you.

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